Cuba named first country to end mother-to-child HIV transmission

According to the World Health Organization, Cuba has become the first country in the world to eliminate the transmission of HIV and syphilis from mother to child. An international delegation from the WHO and the Pan American Health Organization arrived in Cuba in March to confirm the country had met the criteria for designation. The Communist Cuban government provides its citizens with universal access to healthcare and coverage, despite Cubans reporting a decline in standards since the fall of the Soviet Union. In 2013 only 2 babies were born with HIV and 5 with syphilis. More>>

Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine currently conducts interdisciplinary research on HIV and syphilis. Learn more about Tulane research projects.

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Should Gun Violence Be Treated Like Car Accidents?

Members of the medical community have been advocating for a new approach to resolving gun violence by treating gun violence as a public health problem. This controversial and fairly new approach aims to tackle the conversations on gun control and make them more inclusive of solutions outside of political and ideological argumentation. Doctors and medical associations state that designating gun violence a public health problem will reduce gun related mortality, and that with that designation, doctors could counsel patients on safe gun usage and storage.

Many Republicans and gun lobbyists have opposed this proposal, as they believe it another attempt to restrict gun ownership and potentially seize firearms. However, supporters state that this is not a political matter.

The CDC has already recognized violence as a public health issue with or without the involvement of firearms, and the American College of Physicians has been calling gun violence an epidemic since 1995. While gun violence since then has decreased dramatically, it is still estimated that more than 478,000 fatal and nonfatal violent crimes were committed with a firearm in 2011 according to the Department of Justice. More>>

Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine currently conducts interdisciplinary research on violence as a public health problem. Learn more about Tulane research projects.

Bribery Is The Best Way To Quit Smoking, Study Shows

A young asian businessman lights a cigarette

A study in the New England Journal of Medicine has determined that bribery more effective method of reducing smoking than other incentives. A comparison of five different smoking cessation techniques among over 2,000 CVS Caremark employees, it was noted that techniques requiring an up-front cash deposit that would be taken away if the participant didn’t successfully quit were more effective than those that offered a cash reward. These techniques leverage the aversion people have to losing money. While people were more likely to enroll in simple rewards-based programs, programs with the deposit feature were twice as likely to be effective as smoking cessation techniques. More>>

Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine currently conducts interdisciplinary research on social determinants of health. Learn more about Tulane research projects.